What is a handover act?
A handover act is an agreement between the landlord and the tenant, which must be drawn up and approved upon transfer of occupancy. Drafting this act is in the interest of both parties. It creates the necessary evidence base for a more successful resolution of potential misunderstandings and claims.
A properly executed act documents the condition of the living space at the moment the tenant moves in and out, it contains up-to-date photos, records the property on the living space and the latest readings. This creates an accurate comparison of two handover acts: one that was made at the beginning of the rental agreement and the other made at the end of it.
How to correctly draw up a handover act?
It is very convenient for Rendin users to draw up a handover act since the substantive structure is already provided. The landlord must simply follow what the application asks for and fill out the empty fields.
The important parts of a handover act are:
Photos of the rental apartment’s general condition and more detailed photos of more valuable things such as household appliances
Property on the living space
The act must be confirmed on the same day the keys are handed over. However, it should be prepared early, reviewed on the day of the handover, then confirmed by both parties.
Those who do not use Rendin must create a base for the act themselves. There is no single formula for this. The deed should certainly contain the aforementioned elements (photos, list of property, readings), as well as existing deficiencies, the number of keys to be handed over, etc.
Recommendations by Rendin’s experts
The photos in the act must be 100% up to date. This means that the act must contain recently made photos reflecting the property’s actual conditions at this point in time. The use of outdated photos only causes needless confusion, and, in this case, the act cannot be confirmed.
Visiting the rental space before the end of the agreement. The landlord and the tenant should meet up about a month (a week, at the latest) before the end of the agreement to jointly inspect the living space and, if necessary, pay attention to the deficiencies found. This way, the tenant will have time to eliminate the deficiencies. If the deficiencies remain unremedied, it is worth reading up on what exactly to do next.
Setting expectations for the final cleaning. This topic may be brought up by the landlord as well as the tenant. It is certain that the final cleaning of the rental home must be done significantly more thoroughly than everyday cleaning. There is one rule of thumb to ensure the quality of final cleaning: upon termination of the agreement and returning the rental space to the landlord, the space must be in the same condition as previously documented in the handover act.
A legal expert’s experience. The handover act’s role in resolving a rental dispute
Lia Siht, Head of Legal and Compliance and lawyer at Rendin:
‘There have been disputes in our practice where the photos used for the handover act have been too general. An overview of the room is important to showcase the overall condition. Then again, more detailed photos should also be included to give an idea of the condition of specific pieces of furniture. This way, either of the parties might find themselves in an unfavourable situation, since it is impossible to determine who is right. The tenant might find themselves the subject of unfounded accusations, or the landlord might lose compensation for damages.
The same applies for the use of beauty pictures, which are taken, for example, to be used in the process of selling an apartment. These photos are not suitable for the handover act, because in the case of a rent dispute or even a court case, the tenant cannot be held accountable if they have caused damage but will not admit to it. It is worth keeping in mind that the date and time when the photos were taken can always be proven.
The handover act should not only be in the landlord’s control or their property. We always encourage tenants to inspect everything on their own once they have been granted access to the apartment. If necessary, the tenant should take new photos should they notice any differences between the visuals included in the handover act, and the reality. In this such scenarios, it is justified to supplement the act with more recent photos and notes (e.g., discovered cracks, damages, broken furniture).’